Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Crevecoeur in America Essay Example for Free

Crevecoeur in the States Essay bullyrag St. prank Crvecoeur is certainly not one of the longest figures of American history, provided he can at the very(prenominal) least be credited with having been witness to a great deal of some of the key events that lead to the inception of the United States of America in the 18th century.1 Crvecoeur saw the burgeoning nation under many different angles during different periods of American history2. This coupled with the fact that as a foreigner who lived in the colonies he was able to step back and appraise American support and culture and be also able to see it from the inside. This essay will focus on the American life of Hector St. John de Crvecoeur and attempt a sketch of how his life took place and how the colonies and the newfound American nation affected him. Firstly we will examine Crvecoeurs life in the colonies, including his living conditions, regions he inhabited and his overall situation during his time there. Secondly, w e will review his experiences in the colonies and conjugation America. Thirdly we will attempt to see how, when and by whom was Crvecoeur influenced during his time in America and what effect this had on both the United States of American and Crvecoeur himself.Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crvecoeur or St. John de Crvecoeur as we would later know him would first set foot in North America in Canada in 1754. Fighting under the Montcalm during the French-Indian War, Crvecoeur left Canada for the English colonies where he worked as an itinerant merchant allowed him to envision many aspects and parts of North America. In 1759 he eventually settled down in Orange County in New York and became a citizen of the colony, changing his name to John Hector St. John.. Crvecoeur took up a life of farming and raised a family, while still keeping in cutaneous senses with the outside world albeit staying out of its affairs almost entirely. later the upheaval of the Revolutionary War and a five-year l ong return to France, Crvecoeur eventually returned to New York in 1783 in the capacity of First Consul of his Christian Majesty to the State of New York. In this lofty position Crvecoeur toiled to establish trading among the Americancolonies and the French crown. In addition he also informed France and through France, Europe of what the lives, batch and the continent of North America was truly like. Although Crvecoeurs sojourns in the colonies were no doubt a source of great pride and accomplishment, they were also a time of hardship, suspicion and uncertainty.St. John de Crvecoeurs experiences in North America and the colonies within were varied. In turn his life there was filled with successes. After being a competent soldier for France he became a farmer and raised a family that he loved and was proud of. He eventually reached a position of at least symbolic business office where he found himself in a position to both help his motherland as well up as foster greater unders tanding, appreciation and maybe even prosperity for a land and a nation that had been his home for most of his life. However, if one were to equate Crvecoeurs experiences on the continent to be purely idyllic one would be sorely mistaken. In addition to the hardships of clownish life he also had to experience suspicion and imprisonment during his time there.Crvecoeur, although naturalized as an American, was still very much a Frenchman. Although very much liberal for his times Crvecoeur still retained a healthy respect for religion and monarchy, twin pillars of the French elite. He was also enamored with English orderliness and government, considered far more liberal and egalitarian by the French philosophers still under the reign of an infinite monarchy. His first book was in fact dedicated to Abbot Raynal whose work Histoire philosophique et politique des tablissements des Europens dans les deux Indes (1770) excite him to think about America and his situation. Furthermore, Crv ecoeurs own experiences and his reading of instilled him with the idea that the American colonies, with their apparitional tolerance. Although ultimately addressed to the higher strata of society, designed as a sort of quaint picture of sylvan utopia, his works are ultimately a celebration and an accolade to the workingman and the lower classes of the time. Crvecoeur is even sometimes credited with being the inventor of what would become the American Dream.Colonial American shaped Crvecoeur. The hardships of the rural life began to change his view of the rural idyll that we first see in his writings. The dangers of that life and the austere and often unjust vagaries of the elements, neighbors and country life bore down on him. Although still somewhat in awe of some of the leaders that permitted the Revolution some of his writings tell a tale of disillusionment with great leaders and the hero worship that resulted with some of the heroes of the American Revolution, namely Washingt on. The Revolution further deflower Crvecoeurs utopian take on the colonies and also the English themselves.To say that Crvecoeur is an elicit character of American history is an understatement. Having been witness to three distinct phases of colonial America. These are the pre-revolutionary period, the actual American Revolution itself and its aftermath. These various periods and stages in his life affect him deeply and modified his writings and his views. In conclusion, Hector St. John de Crvecoeur embodies many things that characterized colonial America as both a land brimful with opportunity and a place and time steeped in brutality and harshness.BIBLIOGRAPHYPatchell, Thomas J. Hector St. John de Crvecoeur in Early American Nature Writers ed. by Daniel Patterson (London Greenwood Press 2008), 103Plotkin, A. Saint-John de Crevecoeur Rediscovered Critic or Paneygyrist? French diachronic Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Spring, 1964) 403-404Plumstead, A. W. Crevecoeur A Man of Sorrows a nd the American Revolution The Massachusetts Review, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer, 1976) 287-288St. John de Crevecoeur, John Letters from an American Farmer, 1783, ed. Albert Stone (New York, NY Penguin American Library, 1981), 226-227St. John de Crevecoeur, John Quest-ce quun Amricain? (ed. Howard Rice) (Princeton Princeton University Press, 1943

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